The Manx cat, a medium-sized, gold-eyed, longhaired breed native to the Isle of Man, is best recognized for its absence of a tail.
The Manx arrived in the United States in the 1920s, when it immediately became popular following its success as a show cat in England.
They are exceedingly gregarious and playful, and their loyalty and trainability have been compared to those of dogs. The cat’s nicknames vary according to the length of its Manx tail.
A Manx with no tail is known as a “rumpy,” while a Manx with a very slight tail is known as a “rumpy riser.”
The loving, even-tempered Manx cat will most likely get along with everyone in the family and provide years of affection and companionship.
Overview of the Breed
- Other names: Manks, Rumpy, and Stubbin.
- Temperament: Easygoing, affectionate, and social
- weight range: 8 to 12 pound
- Length: 14 to 16 inches
- Coat Length: Both short and long hair
- Colors of coats: white, blue, black, red, cream, silver, and brown Bicolor, solid, tortoiseshell, and tabby coat patterns
- Eye color: Gold, copper, green, brown, blue, or odd-eyed
- Lifespan: 14 to 16 years
- Allergies: Not present
Characteristics of the Manx Cat
The Manx cat has a distinct appearance and is affectionate and friendly. Manx owners adore their cat’s stubby tail and ease of training.
They are well-known for hunting rodents and insects with precision, but their hunting instincts do not translate into an aggressive attitude toward humans.
These cats are excellent jumpers, which can be frustrating, but remember that the Manx cat’s playful nature is a gift.
The Manx cat has a charming personality and would make an excellent addition to any family.
Manx Cat’s History
The Manx is an ancient cat breed from the Irish Sea’s Isle of Man. Initially, the breed name was “Manks” or “stubbin” in colloquial Isle terms.
They are now a significant but declining proportion of the local cat population on the Isle of Man. Manx cats have historically been a favorite choice among farmers for rodent control and companionship on sea voyages due to their hunting abilities.
Many folktales about the Manx cat are based on the cat’s lack of a long tail. According to folklore, a tailless cat swam ashore from a shipwreck and brought the trait to the island, whereas biblical references claim that when Noah closed the door of the Ark, he accidentally cut off the tail of the Manx cat.
Some people thought any cat that came into contact with a Manx could pass on its taillessness to its kittens. In reality, the lack of a tail results from an impulsive gene mutation.
The Manx was one of the initial show cats in Great Britain’s first cat show, with its first known breed standard published in 1903.
In 1908, the Manx was one of the Cat Fancier’s Association’s founding breeds. The pedigreed cat registry in the United States has records on the breed in North America dating back to the 1920s.
Manx Cat care
A Manx cat requires the same care as any other domestic breed. It necessitates moderate exercise and a regular grooming routine. Knowing your cat’s needs simplifies and improves caregiving.
The Manx cat has no special exercise requirements, but it does benefit from 30 to 60 minutes of dedicated playtime due to its playful nature.
The Manx, like many cats, enjoys running, jumping, and climbing, so providing plenty of play opportunities will usually suffice to meet your cat’s needs.
Manx are natural hunters with dog-like characteristics, so small plush toys that mimic trapping and retrieving will keep your Manx entertained.
Manx cats shed a lot because of their double coat, especially in the spring and fall. A cat’s double coat has an extra layer of fur to provide extra warmth and protection. All cats with double fur shed more than single-coat cats.
Brushing a Manx cat once a week (ideally daily) is essential for limiting shedding. A longhaired Manx will require more thorough grooming than a shorthaired Manx, but regular brushing is vital regardless of coat length.
Common Health Issues
Although the genetic abnormalities that result in the Manx signature short tail are generally healthy, they are linked to several health issues.
The Manx has a short spine, which can lead to a lack of nerve and muscle endings. Typically, a Manx breeder will monitor the cat’s health for the first four months of life. Spinal Bifida, Incontinence Arthritis, and Weak Hindquarters are examples of health problems.
The Manx cat has an extremely short or non-existent tail. A Manx with no tail is referred to as a “rumpy,” while those with short tails are called “rumpy risers.” A Manx with a half-tail is known as a “longy.”
Manx are stocky and medium-sized, with flat flanks, sloping shoulders, and full chests. A Manx cat’s hind legs are typically longer than its front legs, giving the appearance of an arched back.
Manx have small noses, round heads, and large eyes and ears. Their eyes are usually a gold color variation.
Manx cats can have short or long hair, but they all have a dense, plush double coat. The shorthaired Manx has an outer coat that is somewhat hard and glossy, whereas the longhaired Manx has a silky coat that is medium in length.
Because of cross-breeding, the coat pattern and color range widely and can incorporate elements found in all cat breeds.
Manx cats’ coats are typically tortoiseshell, tabby, or solid. Although Manx cats are not hypoallergenic, some individuals with cat allergies say they are less sensitive to Manx.
Although the cat sheds slightly less than other breeds, it is not completely hypoallergenic.
Nutrition and Diet
The Manx, like all cats, requires a well-balanced diet of protein, vitamins and minerals, fats, and water. To keep the thick Manx coat healthy, the cat food should contain fish oils and omega-3 fatty acids.
Fiber is vital for digestion and weight control, while amino acids are necessary for vision and heart health. A Manx cat thrives on commercially prepared wet or dry cat food, especially when meat is part of the ingredient.
Moist food may need to be warmed up because Manx cats dislike cold meals. One should not give cow’s milk to Manx cats because lactose can build up in the intestines and cause digestive problems.